Rootstocks for small fruit trees

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Size-controlling rootstocks for sweet and sour cherries

GiSelA®3(S)

GiSelA®5(S)

The most important dwarfing cherry rootstock in Central Europe.

GiSelA®6(S)

the productive size-reducing rootstock.

GiSelA®12(S)

Rootstock for very intensive
cultivation.

GiSelA®3(S)

Rootstock for very intensive cultivation.

 

GiSelA®3(S) is the most dwarfing clone of the GiSelA®-series.

 

GiSelA®3(S) should be cultivated only on best soils. This rootstock is adapted to high-density planting, e.g. under covers.

 

GiSelA®3(S) has high demands to cultural management. Irrigation or fertigation and intensive training and pruning measures are necessary. Due to the high productivity induced by the rootstock, GiSelA®3(S) should not be combined with very fruitful cultivars.

the alternative to GiSelA®5(S) and 6(S).

 

GiSelA®13(S)

The less demanding rootstock.

 

GiSelA®17(S)

The most vigorous clone, adapted to replanting.

Trees on GiSelA®3(S), especially adapted to protected cultivation.

GiSelA®5(S)

The most important dwarfing cherry rootstock in Central Europe.

 

GiSelA®5(S) has performed very well worldwide in the temperate zone with different soil and climatic conditions, with a great number of cultivars, various training systems and planting densities and is regarded as dwarfing standard (about 50 % weaker than P. avium). In Germany, currently far more than half of the new intensive commercial orchards are planted on GiSelA®5(S).

 

GiSelA®5(S) is also used successfully as rootstock for sour cherries.

 

GiSelA®5(S) is recommended for cultivation on good soils.

 

GiSelA®5(S) is suited for different growing intensities, including cultivation under cover. When trained as spindle, common distances in the row range from 2,5m to 3,0 m.

 

Regina on GiSelA®5(S).

GiSelA®6(S)

the productive size-reducing rootstock.

 

GiSelA®6(S) is less demanding to quality of soil, water supply and cultural management than GiSelA®5(S). The vigor of this clone is between GiSelA®5(S) and P. avium. It is adapted to less intensive cultivation. Despite of vigorous growth in the first years, trees start to crop early.

GiSelA®6(S) facilitates the change from vigorous to size-reducing rootstocks. In the U.S., GiSelA®6(S) is the most often planted GiSelA® type.

 

GiSelA®6(S) is the rootstock of choice for lighter soils or heavier soils without irrigation possibility.

 

GiSelA®6(S) should be selected, if trees are trained as crowns with permanent scaffolds, for more extensive orchards and greater plant distances.

 

 

GiSelA®12(S)

the alternative to GiSelA®5(S) and 6(S).

 

GiSelA®12(S) induces similar vigor as GiSelA®6(S), but may also be more vigorous under some conditions. In Europe, GiSelA®12(S) gains importance especially at sites, where GiSelA®6(S) has problems (windy sites and high precipitation).

 

Less fruitfulness compared to GiSelA®5(S) and GiSelA®6(S) is assessed as positive. Combination with self-fertile cultivars does not result in overcropping. Cropping starts early and fruit size is enhanced with adapted pruning measures. Besides good winter hardiness, GiSelA®12(S) is also adapted to hotter climates.

GiSelA®12(S) has been classified as tolerant to viruses PDV and PNRSV.

Tree on GiSelA®12(S) in Chile.

GiSelA®13(S)

The less demanding rootstock.

 

Size-control of GiSelA®13(S) is comparable to GiSelA®6(S). GiSelA®13(S) has many advantages known from GiSelA®5(S), as precocity, no suckers and  flat branching angles, as well as good compatibility. This clone has performed very well under conditions suboptimal for GiSelA®5(S). Even on less favorable soils and under replanting conditions, GiSelA®13(S) achieved high yields and always good fruit quality.

In South America, GiSelA®13(S) stood out by its tolerance to drought.

 

No negative characteristics have been reported for this rootstock.

Nursery with 1-year-old maidens on GiSelA® rootstock.

GiSelA®17(S)

The most vigorous clone, adapted to replanting.

 

GiSelA®17(S) is the most vigorous clone of all GiSelA® types. Trees will be 20 – 30% smaller than trees on F12/1 and are much more precocious. Due to good compatibility and tree health, GiSelA®17(S) is an alternative to Maxma 14. In trials in North America and Germany, GiSelA®17(S) showed good fruit quality and high and early yields.

The parental species Prunus canescens and Prunus avium make this rootstock very robust and suitable for replanting.

No tree losses and disadvantages are known.

 

There is less danger of overcropping than with GiSelA®5(S) or GiSelA®6(S), which makes GiSelA®17(S) very well suited for combination with self-fertile cultivars. There is tolerance towards viruses PDV and PNRSV.

GiSelA®17(S) has less demands to soil and climatic conditions and intensity of cultural measurements than GiSelA®5(S).

 

Consortium Deutscher Baumschulen GmbH

Brooksweg 13 • D-25474 Ellerbek • Germany

Telefon: +49 41 01 / 36 98 05 • Telefax: +49 41 01 / 36 96 83

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Rootstocks for

small fruit trees

Size-controlling rootstocks for sweet and sour cherries

GiSelA®3(S)

Rootstock for very intensive cultivation.

GiSelA®5(S)

The most important dwarfing cherry rootstock in Central Europe.

GiSelA®6(S)

the productive size-reducing rootstock.

GiSelA®3(S)

Rootstock for very intensive cultivation.

 

GiSelA®3(S) is the most dwarfing clone of the GiSelA®-series.

 

GiSelA®3(S) should be cultivated only on best soils. This rootstock is adapted to high-density planting, e.g. under covers.

 

GiSelA®3(S) has high demands to cultural management. Irrigation or fertigation and intensive training and pruning measures are necessary. Due to the high productivity induced by the rootstock, GiSelA®3(S) should not be combined with very fruitful cultivars.

GiSelA®12(S)

the alternative to GiSelA®5(S) and 6(S).

GiSelA®13(S)

The less demanding rootstock.

 

GiSelA®17(S)

The most vigorous clone, adapted to replanting.

Trees on GiSelA®3(S), especially adapted to protected cultivation.

GiSelA®5(S)

The most important dwarfing cherry rootstock in Central Europe.

 

GiSelA®5(S) has performed very well worldwide in the temperate zone with different soil and climatic conditions, with a great number of cultivars, various training systems and planting densities and is regarded as dwarfing standard (about 50 % weaker than P. avium). In Germany, currently far more than half of the new intensive commercial orchards are planted on GiSelA®5(S).

 

GiSelA®5(S) is also used successfully as rootstock for sour cherries.

 

GiSelA®5(S) is recommended for cultivation on good soils.

 

GiSelA®5(S) is suited for different growing intensities, including cultivation under cover. When trained as spindle, common distances in the row range from 2,5m to 3,0 m.

 

Regina on GiSelA®5(S).

GiSelA®6(S)

the productive size-reducing rootstock.

 

GiSelA®6(S) is less demanding to quality of soil, water supply and cultural management than GiSelA®5(S). The vigor of this clone is between GiSelA®5(S) and P. avium. It is adapted to less intensive cultivation. Despite of vigorous growth in the first years, trees start to crop early.

GiSelA®6(S) facilitates the change from vigorous to size-reducing rootstocks. In the U.S., GiSelA®6(S) is the most often planted GiSelA® type.

 

GiSelA®6(S) is the rootstock of choice for lighter soils or heavier soils without irrigation possibility.

 

GiSelA®6(S) should be selected, if trees are trained as crowns with permanent scaffolds, for more extensive orchards and greater plant distances.

 

 

GiSelA®12(S)

the alternative to GiSelA®5(S) and 6(S).

 

GiSelA®12(S) induces similar vigor as GiSelA®6(S), but may also be more vigorous under some conditions. In Europe, GiSelA®12(S) gains importance especially at sites, where GiSelA®6(S) has problems (windy sites and high precipitation).

 

Less fruitfulness compared to GiSelA®5(S) and GiSelA®6(S) is assessed as positive. Combination with self-fertile cultivars does not result in overcropping. Cropping starts early and fruit size is enhanced with adapted pruning measures. Besides good winter hardiness, GiSelA®12(S) is also adapted to hotter climates.

GiSelA®12(S) has been classified as tolerant to viruses PDV and PNRSV.

 

Tree on GiSelA®12(S) in Chile.

GiSelA®13(S)

The less demanding rootstock.

 

Size-control of GiSelA®13(S) is comparable to GiSelA®6(S). GiSelA®13(S) has many advantages known from GiSelA®5(S), as precocity, no suckers and  flat branching angles, as well as good compatibility. This clone has performed very well under conditions suboptimal for GiSelA®5(S). Even on less favorable soils and under replanting conditions, GiSelA®13(S) achieved high yields and always good fruit quality.

In South America, GiSelA®13(S) stood out by its tolerance to drought.

 

No negative characteristics have been reported for this rootstock.

 

Nursery with 1-year-old maidens on GiSelA® rootstock.

GiSelA®17(S)

The most vigorous clone, adapted to replanting.

 

GiSelA®17(S) is the most vigorous clone of all GiSelA® types. Trees will be 20 – 30% smaller than trees on F12/1 and are much more precocious. Due to good compatibility and tree health, GiSelA®17(S) is an alternative to Maxma 14. In trials in North America and Germany, GiSelA®17(S) showed good fruit quality and high and early yields.

The parental species Prunus canescens and Prunus avium make this rootstock very robust and suitable for replanting.

No tree losses and disadvantages are known.

 

There is less danger of overcropping than with GiSelA®5(S) or GiSelA®6(S), which makes GiSelA®17(S) very well suited for combination with self-fertile cultivars. There is tolerance towards viruses PDV and PNRSV.

GiSelA®17(S) has less demands to soil and climatic conditions and intensity of cultural measurements than GiSelA®5(S).

Consortium Deutscher Baumschulen GmbH

Brooksweg 13 • D-25474 Ellerbek • Germany

Telefon: +49 41 01 / 36 98 05 • Telefax: +49 41 01 / 36 96 83

Rootstocks for
small fruit trees

Size-controlling rootstocks for sweet and sour cherries

Consortium Deutscher Baumschulen GmbH

Brooksweg 13 • D-25474 Ellerbek • Germany

Telefon: +49 41 01 / 36 98 05 • Telefax: +49 41 01 / 36 96 83

Consortium Deutscher Baumschulen GmbH

Brooksweg 13 • D-25474 Ellerbek • Germany

Telefon: +49 41 01 / 36 98 05 • Telefax: +49 41 01 / 36 96 83

GiSelA®3(S)
GiSelA®6(S)
GiSelA®13(S)
GiSelA®5(S)
GiSelA®12(S)
GiSelA®17(S)

Consortium Deutscher Baumschulen GmbH

Brooksweg 13 • D-25474 Ellerbek • Germany

Telefon: +49 41 01 / 36 98 05 • Telefax: +49 41 01 / 36 96 83